The global vaccination rollout and increased adoption of digital solutions for safe travel should lead to a rise in international mobility over the weeks and months ahead, the latest data from the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) indicates.
Main picture credit Jerome Delaunay on flickr
According to the latest report from the United Nations specialised agency for tourism, as of 1st June, 29% of all destinations worldwide have their borders completely closed to international tourism.
However in Asia and the Pacific 70% of destinations are completely closed.
Just three worldwide destinations, Albania, Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic are completely open to tourists, with no restrictions now in place.
In many locations however, even where there are less restrictions in place, they are still enough to deter many travellers due to quarantine and testing requirements.
The data from the report confirms the trend towards destinations adopting more nuanced, evidence-and-risk-based approaches to restrictions on travel, rather than blanket bans. For example 42% of destinations have introduced specific restrictions for visitors from destinations with variants of concern ranging from the suspension of flights and closing of borders to compulsory quarantine.
Many of the countries with the strictest measures in place are also those with the lowest rates of vaccination, highlighting the need for a global push on the supply of vaccinations, especially to poorer countries.
“Governments are instrumental for the restart and recovery of tourism through collaboration, use of data and digital solutions.”Zurab Pololikashvili, UNWTO Secretary-General
The report indicates that the restart of global tourism will remain muted so long as governments continue to advise caution. Four of the 10 top source markets keep advising their citizens against non-essential travel abroad (these four generated 25% of all international arrivals in 2018).
Border Restrictions (as of 1st June)
Completely Closed Borders
63 destinations, or 29% of the total number, currently have completely closed borders:
Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Benin, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, Cook Islands, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos,
Latvia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montserrat, Morocco, Myanmar, New Caledonie, Niue, Norway, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, (The) Philippines, (The) Russian Federation, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Syrian Arab Republic, Taiwan Province of China, Timor Leste, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam and Yemen.
9 out of 11 Southeast Asia countries have completely closed borders.
Partially Closed Borders
73 destinations, or 34% of the total, including 1 Southeast Asia country, have partially closed borders:
Andorra, Angola, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burundi, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, France, French Polynesia, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guinea (Republic of), Hong Kong SAR, Iceland, Iraq,
Ireland, Italy, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macao SAR, Malawi, Maldives, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Oman, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland,
Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America and Uzbekistan.
Testing / Quarantine
78 destinations (36% of all destinations), including 1 from Southeast Asia, do allow some travellers to enter but require a mixture of testing and quarantine for all arrivals:
Afghanistan, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Armenia, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Bonaire, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cabo Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Comoros Islands, Cuba, Curaçao, Cyprus, Democratic Rep. of Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Egypt, El Salvador, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Korea (Republic of), Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Libya, Mali,
Martinique, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North
Macedonia, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saba, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe,
Serbia, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St Kitts and Nevis, St Eustatius, St Lucia, St Maarten, St Vincent and Grenadines, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Turks and Caicos, Ukraine, Virgin Islands British, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
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