Zoo Breeds Komodo Dragons To Save Them From Extinction

[REUTERS] – A zoo in Indonesia is breeding Komodo dragons in an effort to save the world’s largest lizards from extinction, with climate change posing new dangers for the fearsome creatures.

Main picture a young Komodo dragon, scientific name Varanus komodoensis, swims inside the caring cage at the Surabaya Zoo, in Surabaya, East Java province, Indonesia. REUTERS/Prasto Wardoyo

Young dragons, their forked tongue darting, creep about a zoo enclosure in the city of Surabaya. Some fight over a female while others look for prey in a pond.

The giant lizards are only found on the remote island of Komodo and several neighbouring islands in eastern Indonesia. In September, the International Union for Conservation of Nature put them in its Red List of Threatened Species, citing an increasing threat posed by the impact of climate change.

Young Komodo dragons, scientific name Varanus komodoensis, are seen inside the caring cage of the Surabaya Zoo, in Surabaya, East Java province, Indonesia, REUTERS/Prasto Wardoyo
A nursery official of the Surabaya Zoo feeds young Komodo dragons, scientific name Varanus komodoensis, inside a caring cage in Surabaya, East Java province, Indonesia. REUTERS/Prasto Wardoyo

Rising global temperatures and sea levels are expected to reduce the Komodo dragon’s suitable habitat by at least 30% in the next 45 years, it warned.

Zoo officials hope that their efforts to save the lizards will draw the attention of world leaders gathered in Glasgow to take steps to fight climate change.

Since launching the programme, the zoo has built up its Komodo dragon population to 108 adults and 35 young ones with 40 eggs being incubated.

Zoo keeper Rukin said the temperature and humidity had to be just right for optimal mating.

It was hoped that dragons bred in captivity could be returned to the wild, he said.

“I hope we can breed them well and correctly,” said Rukin.

A nursery official writes on a piece of paper as the eggs of a Komodo dragon, scientific name Varanus komodoensis, lie inside a hatchery box at the Surabaya Zoo, in Surabaya, East Java province, Indonesia, REUTERS/Prasto Wardoyo

He said he hoped the project would ensure that future generations would still be able to see the dragons in real life, not just in pictures.

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